(Huffington Post) For Women, Alcohol Dependence Twice As Deadly
Study after study has shown that alcohol affects women differently than men, but a new German paper finds that alcohol is particularly devastating for women who struggle with addiction.
Alcohol dependence, it concludes, is twice as deadly for women as it is for men.
According to the study, started in 1996 and published online Tuesday in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, the death rate for alcohol-dependent women was more than four times that of a sample of non-addicted 18- to 64-year-olds. The death rate among alcohol-dependent men was about twice that of the general population over the 14-year study period.
On average, the alcohol-addicted men and women were about 20 years younger than members of the general population at the time of their death, explained study author Ulrich John, director of the Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine at University Medicine Greifswald, Germany.
He and his colleagues relied on a sample of more than 4,000 respondents, identifying 119 men and 30 women who met the criteria for alcoholism in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health (DSM), which psychiatrists use to diagnose psychiatric illnesses. For alcoholism, signs include drinking more than intended and having an ongoing desire to cut back on drinking but being unable to do so.